WHY A DISTRICT
The Conservancy Act of the State of Ohio was enacted as a direct result of the March 1913 flood. The 1913 flood is considered to be the worst natural disaster in the State's history. The flood was the result of 9 to 13 inches of rainfall that fell on frozen ground during a three-day period, over much of the State. As a result, floodwaters ravaged many of the cities in the state, destroyed thousands of acres of farmland and resulted in 467 deaths. Damages statewide were estimated to be $143 million, which equates to about $13.3 Billion in 2013 dollars. As a result of the flood the State Legislature in February 1914 enacted Section 6101 of the Ohio Revised Code, the Conservancy Act as emergency legislation.
To establish a Conservancy District, Section 6101 requires that the Common Pleas Court in one of the Counties within the proposed District boundary be petitioned to establish a panel of Judges, one from each County within the proposed District boundary, to act as the Conservancy Court. The Court then sets a time and place for a hearing on the petition and by order establish the District.
The district creates a conduit for funding an action plan to reduce water flow and enhance ground absorption.